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How to Size Fans & Shutters

These simply steps will increase the efficiency of your cooling system

Although it may seem complicated, sizing fans and shutters for your greenhouse cooling system does not require complex mathematical formulas or difficult calculations. With a few simple steps you can choose the most efficient fans and shutters for your cooling system.

 

First, calculate your total cfm’s.

Cfm’s are the total cubic feet of air that should be exchanged every minute with mechanical ventilation.
  • If you have a 15’ Catamount style greenhouse, take the length and width (15’) and multiply by 5 to get your total cfm’s.
    Ex: A 15’ x 96’ greenhouse will be 15 x 96 x 5 = 7,200 cfm’s per minute of air flow.
  • If you have a 22’, 26’, 30’ or 34’ greenhouse, use the same principle as above, except multiply by 7.
    Ex: A 30’ x 96’ greenhouse will be 30 x 96 x 7 = 20,160 cfm’s per minute of air flow.
  • If you have a gutter connect greenhouse, multiply width times length times (gutter height plus three feet).
    Ex: A 21’ x 96’ gutter connect greenhouse with a 10’ gutter height will be 21 x 96 x (10 +3) = 26,208 cfm’s per minute.

Next, use your total cfm’s to decide what size fan you will need by using the chart below.

For larger houses, use two fans so that you can stage your cooling in two or three different levels.
  • Ex: A 30’ x 96’ greenhouse would be 20,160 cfm’s. Using two fans, each fan would be required to move 10,080 cfm’s of air. Using the chart, you will see that two 36”, 1/2 hp fans would meet the requirements.

Fan Size

CFM’s at .05 Static Pressure

Angle Wall Housing (H x W)

Motor HP

24”

5,800

33 ½” x 33”

1/3

24”

6,760

33 ½” x 33”

1/2

30”

7,890

39 ½” x 39”

1/3

30”

9,430

39 ½” x 39”

1/2

36”

11,325

45 ½” x 45”

1/2

36”

13,105

45 ½” x 45”

3/4

42”

15,865

51 ½” x 51”

3/4

42”

17,515

51 ½” x 51”

1

48”

19,240

57 ½” x 57

3/4

48”

20,665

57 ½” x 57”

1

Now calculate shutter size.

To calculate shutter size, take your total cfm’s and divide by 600. The number is an air velocity number that means that the air is traveling at 600 feet per second. Smaller shutter openings will create a higher air velocity and create more of a breeze; larger openings will create a lower air velocity and create less of a breeze.

Use the chart below to determine what size shutter you will need.
  • Ex: A 30’ x 96’ greenhouse with two 36”, 1/2 hp fans will equal (10,308 x 2) 20,616 cfm’s of air movement. Divide by 600 and it will equal 34.36 square feet of opening required. Therefore, you can use two 51” shutters, or you can use two 45” shutters and one 30” gable shutter.

Model Number

Size

Air Flow Capacity (cfm’s)

ACLRW27E

27”

3,000

ACLRW33E

33”

4,500

ACLRW39E

39”

6,300

ACLRW45E

45”

8,400

ACLRW51E

51”

10,700

ACLRW57E

57”

13,400

ACLRW6024

60” x 24”

6,000

ACLRW6036

60” x 36”

8,900


*All shutters are motorized. Non-motorized shutters are available. Please call for pricing.
*Add ¼” on each side for rough openings.

Stage Your Greenhouse

By using two large shutters and one small gable shutter, you can stage your cooling so that your greenhouse is properly cooled year round.

 

Stage 1:
The lower speed of a two-speed fan turns on, and the small gable shutter opens. This is ideal for winter cooling.

Stage 2:
The large shutters open in addition to the small gable shutter, and the higher speed of the two-speed fan turns on. This is ideal for spring and fall cooling.

Stage 3:
The second fan turns on, which is a single speed fan. Now that both fans are running you have full ventilation with one air exchange per minute. This is ideal for summer cooling.